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Home Archive of journals 2021, 15 Regeneration of Metal Radioactive Waste from Radiochemical Industries for Metal and Alloy Recycling Purposes

REGENERATION OF METAL RADIOACTIVE WASTE FROM RADIOCHEMICAL INDUSTRIES FOR METAL AND ALLOY RECYCLING PURPOSES

JOURNAL: 2021, 15, p. 33-38

AUTHOR: S.I. Bychkov, V.I. Matselya, D.V. Zhirnikov , V.N. Alekseenko

ANNOTATION:

The paper proposes a processing method for metal radioactive waste (high alloyed stainless steel and its alloys) containing transuranic radionuclides. This type of waste is generated during operation and decommissioning of SNF reprocessing equipment at radiochemical production facilities. To ensure the recycling of valuable components, decontamination and conditioning of the regenerated ingots to high-quality metal is arranged in a two-staged process involving MRW remelting: its first stage involves in-depth metal decontamination under a layer of a refining flux, whereas the second stage provides for additional metal treatment to remove radioactive and stable impurities, as well as metal alloying to make up for the "burnt out" valuable components and to level its chemical composition. The process is implemented at an enterprise specialized in RW processing having appropriate infrastructure facilities and licenses authorizing relevant operations with radioactive materials. Metal radioactive waste regeneration results in a grade metal, which in terms of its residual radioactive contamination level can be released from radiation control and admitted to unrestricted use. It has been experimentally demonstrated that ESR, when used for MRW decontamination purposes, allows to obtain high-quality steel suitable for future reuse.

Keywords: high-alloyed stainless steel, two-staged remelting, plutonium decontamination factor, metal radioactive waste, residual radioactivity, spent nuclear fuel, radioactive waste, electroslag remelting.


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Bychkov S. I., Zhirnikov D. V., Alekseenko V. N., Matselya V. I. Regeneration of Metal Radioactive Waste from Radiochemical Industries for Metal and Alloy Recycling Purposes. Radioactive waste, 2021, no. 2 (15), pp. 33—38. DOI: 10.25283/2587-9707-2021-2-33-38. (In Russian).


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